Boreal forest zone of Canada

Selected species of animals, plants, fungi and slime molds found in forests, wetlands and lakes of the boreal forest zone of Canada (photographs were mostly taken in Ontario).
7 Perisoreus canadensis Grey Jay
Perisoreus canadensis
6 Antigone canadensis Sandhill Crane
Antigone canadensis
8 Tamiasciurus hudsonicus American red squirrel
Tamiasciurus hudsonicus
6 Larix laricina Tamarack
Larix laricina
5 Alces alces Moose
Alces alces
8 Bonasa umbellus Ruffed Grouse
Bonasa umbellus
4 Spinus pinus Pine Siskin
Spinus pinus
9 Ursus americanus American black bear
Ursus americanus
9 Cladonia cristatella British soldier lichen
Cladonia cristatella
5 Castor canadensis North American beaver
Castor canadensis
4 Tringa melanoleuca Greater Yellowlegs
Tringa melanoleuca
10 Pinus banksiana Jack pine
Pinus banksiana
3 Drosera rotundifolia Round-leaved sundew
Drosera rotundifolia
11 Sarracenia purpurea Purple pitcher plant
Sarracenia purpurea
6 Cerastium fontanum Mouse-ear chickweed
Cerastium fontanum
6 Cornus canadensis Bunchberry
Cornus canadensis
6 Setophaga petechia (American) Yellow Warbler
Setophaga petechia
4 Setophaga virens Black-throated Green Warbler
Setophaga virens
4 Setophaga ruticilla American Redstart
Setophaga ruticilla
4 Mniotilta varia Black-and-white Warbler
Mniotilta varia
2 Geothlypis trichas Common Yellowthroat
Geothlypis trichas
2 Parkesia noveboracensis Northern Waterthrush
Parkesia noveboracensis
4 Setophaga coronata coronata Myrtle Warbler
Setophaga coronata coronata
3 Setophaga pensylvanica Chestnut-sided Warbler
Setophaga pensylvanica
12 Agelaius phoeniceus Red-winged Blackbird
Agelaius phoeniceus
15 Leuconotopicus villosus Hairy Woodpecker
Leuconotopicus villosus
12 Dryobates pubescens Downy Woodpecker
Dryobates pubescens
8 Sphyrapicus varius Yellow-bellied Sapsucker
Sphyrapicus varius
3 Vulpes vulpes Red fox
Vulpes vulpes
7 Erethizon dorsatum North American porcupine
Erethizon dorsatum
11 Thamnophis sirtalis sirtalis Eastern garter snake
Thamnophis sirtalis sirtalis
6 Storeria occipitomaculata Redbelly snake
Storeria occipitomaculata
7 Chelydra serpentina Common snapping turtle
Chelydra serpentina
9 Chrysemys picta Painted turtle
Chrysemys picta
9 Junco hyemalis Dark-eyed Junco
Junco hyemalis
11 Zonotrichia albicollis White-throated Sparrow
Zonotrichia albicollis
13 Zonotrichia leucophrys White-crowned Sparrow
Zonotrichia leucophrys
7 Spizella passerina Chipping Sparrow
Spizella passerina
8 Melospiza melodia Song Sparrow
Melospiza melodia
3 Melospiza georgiana Swamp Sparrow
Melospiza georgiana
5 Passerella iliaca Fox Sparrow
Passerella iliaca
1 Cladonia deformis
Cladonia deformis
3 Cladonia fimbriata
Cladonia fimbriata
3 Cladonia stellaris
Cladonia stellaris
7 Cladonia pyxidata Pebbled cup lichen
Cladonia pyxidata
6 Stereocaulon tomentosum Woolly (= Eyed) foam lichen
Stereocaulon tomentosum
13 Branta canadensis Canada Goose
Branta canadensis
9 Anas platyrhynchos Mallard
Anas platyrhynchos
5 Anas rubripes American Black Duck
Anas rubripes
11 Lophodytes cucullatus Hooded Merganser
Lophodytes cucullatus
8 Pandion haliaetus Osprey
Pandion haliaetus
4 Buteo jamaicensis Red-tailed Hawk
Buteo jamaicensis
1 Buteo platypterus Broad-winged Hawk
Buteo platypterus
1 Accipiter striatus Sharp-shinned Hawk
Accipiter striatus
2 Megaceryle alcyon Belted Kingfisher
Megaceryle alcyon
1 Asio otus Long-eared Owl
Asio otus
4 Corvus corax Common Raven
Corvus corax
8 Cyanocitta cristata Blue Jay
Cyanocitta cristata
3 Corvus brachyrhynchos American Crow
Corvus brachyrhynchos
5 Sitta canadensis Red-breasted Nuthatch
Sitta canadensis
9 Poecile atricapillus Black-capped Chickadee
Poecile atricapillus
8 Bombycilla cedrorum Cedar Waxwing
Bombycilla cedrorum
6 Pinicola enucleator Pine Grosbeak
Pinicola enucleator
10 Hesperiphona vespertina Evening Grosbeak
Hesperiphona vespertina
10 Spinus tristis American Goldfinch
Spinus tristis
6 Haemorhous purpureus Purple Finch
Haemorhous purpureus
9 Turdus migratorius American Robin
Turdus migratorius
4 Polygaloides paucifolia Fringed polygala
Polygaloides paucifolia
7 Monotropa uniflora Indian pipe
Monotropa uniflora
4 Chimaphila umbellata Pipsissewa (= Prince’s pine)
Chimaphila umbellata
4 Lysimachia borealis Starflower
Lysimachia borealis
6 Anemone canadensis Canada anemone
Anemone canadensis
4 Maianthemum canadense Canadian may-lily
Maianthemum canadense
7 Clintonia borealis Bluebead
Clintonia borealis
6 Lilium philadelphicum Wood (=Prairie) lily
Lilium philadelphicum
4 Iris versicolor Blue flag
Iris versicolor
3 Calla palustris Bog arum
Calla palustris
6 Carex intumescens Bladder sedge
Carex intumescens
7 Scirpus atrovirens Dark-green bulrush
Scirpus atrovirens
4 Smerinthus jamaicensis Twin-spotted sphinx
Smerinthus jamaicensis
2 Ceratomia undulosa Waved sphinx
Ceratomia undulosa
3 Arctia caja Garden (= Great) tiger moth
Arctia caja
2 Antheraea polyphemus Polyphemus moth
Antheraea polyphemus
1 Dryocampa rubicunda Rosy maple moth
Dryocampa rubicunda
2 Acronicta americana American dagger moth
Acronicta americana
1 Apamea amputatrix Yellow-headed cutworm
Apamea amputatrix
3 Hagenius brevistylus Dragonhunter
Hagenius brevistylus
2 Phanogomphus spicatus Dusky clubtail
Phanogomphus spicatus
2 Cordulegaster diastatops Delta-spotted spiketail
Cordulegaster diastatops
6 Dorocordulia libera Racket-tailed emerald
Dorocordulia libera
3 Leucorrhinia glacialis Crimson-ringed whiteface
Leucorrhinia glacialis
5 Leucorrhinia frigida Frosted whiteface
Leucorrhinia frigida
4 Leucorrhinia proxima Belted whiteface
Leucorrhinia proxima
4 Libellula quadrimaculata Four-spotted skimmer (=chaser)
Libellula quadrimaculata
1 Monochamus scutellatus White-spotted sawyer
Monochamus scutellatus
2 Pseudacris crucifer Spring peeper
Pseudacris crucifer
6 Anaxyrus americanus American toad
Anaxyrus americanus
2 Amanita muscaria Fly agaric
Amanita muscaria
4 Apioperdon pyriforme Pear-shaped puffball
Apioperdon pyriforme
4 Lycoperdon perlatum Common puffball
Lycoperdon perlatum
2 Lycoperdon echinatum Spiny (= Spring) puffball
Lycoperdon echinatum
5 Suillus grevillei Greville's (= Larch) bolete
Suillus grevillei
3 Phellinus tremulae
Phellinus tremulae
5 Lycogala epidendrum Wolf's milk
Lycogala epidendrum
3 Fuligo septica Scrambled egg slime (= Dog vomit slime mold)
Fuligo septica
9 Pinus strobus Eastern white pine
Pinus strobus
6 Thuja occidentalis Eastern white cedar
Thuja occidentalis
4 Spinulum annotinum Interrupted club-moss
Spinulum annotinum
6 Equisetum arvense Field horsetail
Equisetum arvense
4 Equisetum hyemale Rough horsetail (scouring rush)
Equisetum hyemale
7 Claytosmunda claytoniana Interrupted fern
Claytosmunda claytoniana
3 Osmundastrum cinnamomeum Cinnamon fern
Osmundastrum cinnamomeum
4 Onoclea sensibilis Sensitive fern
Onoclea sensibilis
5 Nuphar variegata Variegated pond-lily
Nuphar variegata
12 Larus delawarensis Ring-billed Gull
Larus delawarensis
6 Larus smithsonianus American Herring Gull
Larus smithsonianus
12 Chroicocephalus philadelphia Bonaparte's Gull
Chroicocephalus philadelphia
7 Dryocopus pileatus Pileated Woodpecker
Dryocopus pileatus
7 Colaptes auratus auratus Yellow-shafted Flicker
Colaptes auratus auratus
1 Colaptes auratus cafer Red-shafted Flicker
Colaptes auratus cafer
5 Falcipennis canadensis Spruce Grouse
Falcipennis canadensis
2 Tringa solitaria Solitary Sandpiper
Tringa solitaria
4 Gallinago delicata Wilson's Snipe
Gallinago delicata
4 Charadrius vociferus Killdeer
Charadrius vociferus
4 Actitis macularius Spotted Sandpiper
Actitis macularius
6 Peltigera canina Dog lichen
Peltigera canina
6 Ramalina americana Sinewed ramalina
Ramalina americana
1 Rhizoplaca chrysoleuca Rock-posy lichen
Rhizoplaca chrysoleuca
6 Archilochus colubris Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Archilochus colubris
7 Certhia americana American (=Brown) Creeper
Certhia americana
1 Catharus guttatus Hermit Thrush
Catharus guttatus
7 Sialia sialis Eastern Bluebird
Sialia sialis
6 Tyrannus tyrannus Eastern Kingbird
Tyrannus tyrannus
6 Quiscalus quiscula Common Grackle
Quiscalus quiscula
7 Molothrus ater Brown-headed Cowbird
Molothrus ater
4 Corthylio calendula Ruby-crowned Kinglet
Corthylio calendula
3 Regulus satrapa Golden-crowned Kinglet
Regulus satrapa
10 Ardea herodias Great Blue Heron
Ardea herodias
3 Pelecanus erythrorhynchos American White Pelican
Pelecanus erythrorhynchos
7 Podiceps grisegena Red-necked Grebe
Podiceps grisegena
4 Fulica americana American Coot
Fulica americana
6 Nannopterum auritum Double-crested Cormorant
Nannopterum auritum
10 Gavia immer Great Northern Loon
Gavia immer
2 Anas acuta Northern Pintail
Anas acuta
3 Spatula clypeata Northern Shoveler
Spatula clypeata
3 Anas crecca carolinensis Green-winged Teal
Anas crecca carolinensis
6 Mareca americana American Wigeon
Mareca americana
4 Spatula discors Blue-winged Teal
Spatula discors
2 Aythya collaris Ring-necked (=Ring-billed) Duck
Aythya collaris
5 Aythya americana Redhead
Aythya americana
3 Aythya valisineria Canvasback
Aythya valisineria
6 Bucephala clangula Common Goldeneye
Bucephala clangula
12 Mergus serrator Red-breasted Merganser
Mergus serrator
3 Chordeiles minor Common Nighthawk
Chordeiles minor
10 Odocoileus virginianus White-tailed deer
Odocoileus virginianus
7 Tamias striatus Eastern chipmunk
Tamias striatus
2 Mephitis mephitis Striped skunk
Mephitis mephitis
3 Marmota monax Groundhog (=Woodchuck)
Marmota monax
6 Neogale vison American mink
Neogale vison
7 Martes americana American (pine) marten
Martes americana
4 Lithobates clamitans Green frog
Lithobates clamitans
2 Lithobates catesbeianus American bullfrog
Lithobates catesbeianus
3 Tachycineta bicolor Tree Swallow
Tachycineta bicolor
4 Petrochelidon pyrrhonota American Cliff Swallow
Petrochelidon pyrrhonota
5 Hirundo rustica Barn Swallow
Hirundo rustica
5 Troglodytes aedon aedon Northern House Wren
Troglodytes aedon aedon
3 Vireo olivaceus Red-eyed Vireo
Vireo olivaceus
3 Vireo solitarius Blue-headed Vireo
Vireo solitarius
4 Sturnus vulgaris Common Starling
Sturnus vulgaris
5 Plectrophenax nivalis Snow Bunting
Plectrophenax nivalis
9 Eremophila alpestris Horned (= Shore) Lark
Eremophila alpestris
7 Eutrochium maculatum Spotted joe-pyeweed
Eutrochium maculatum
6 Leucanthemum vulgare Ox-eye daisy
Leucanthemum vulgare
6 Hieracium aurantiacum Orange hawkweed
Hieracium aurantiacum
8 Rudbeckia hirta Black-eyed Susan
Rudbeckia hirta
6 Solidago canadensis Canada goldenrod
Solidago canadensis
6 Impatiens capensis Orange jewelweed
Impatiens capensis
3 Medicago lupulina Black medick
Medicago lupulina
5 Ladona julia Chalk-fronted corporal
Ladona julia
4 Sympetrum obtrusum White-faced meadowhawk
Sympetrum obtrusum
2 Sympetrum semicinctum Band-winged meadowhawk
Sympetrum semicinctum
6 Anax junius Green darner
Anax junius
1 Epitheca canis Beaverpond baskettail
Epitheca canis
2 Misumena vatia Goldenrod crab spider
Misumena vatia
3 Bombus ternarius Tricolored bumblebee
Bombus ternarius
9 Dolichovespula maculata Bald-faced hornet
Dolichovespula maculata
4 Dissosteira carolina Carolina grasshopper
Dissosteira carolina
1 Lestes disjunctus Northern spreadwing
Lestes disjunctus
4 Ischnura verticalis Eastern forktail
Ischnura verticalis
3 Aglais milberti Fire-rim tortoiseshell
Aglais milberti
3 Limenitis arthemis astyanax Red-spotted purple
Limenitis arthemis astyanax
3 Cercyonis pegala Common wood-nymph
Cercyonis pegala
3 Nymphalis vaualbum Compton tortoiseshell
Nymphalis vaualbum
5 Nymphalis antiopa Mourning cloak
Nymphalis antiopa
7 Danaus plexippus Monarch
Danaus plexippus
1 Oreta rosea Rose hooktip moth
Oreta rosea
3 Papilio canadensis Canadian tiger swallowtail
Papilio canadensis
4 Hemaris diffinis Snowberry clearwing
Hemaris diffinis
6 Hemaris thysbe Hummingbird clearwing
Hemaris thysbe
3 Lon hobomok Hobomok skipper
Lon hobomok
2 Pieris oleracea Mustard white
Pieris oleracea
2 Haploa confusa Confused haploa
Haploa confusa
1 Haploa lecontei Leconte's haploa
Haploa lecontei
2 Pyrrharctia isabella Isabella tiger moth
Pyrrharctia isabella
1 Scoliopteryx libatrix Herald
Scoliopteryx libatrix
1 Apantesis virguncula Little virgin tiger moth
Apantesis virguncula
1 Caenurgina crassiuscula Clover looper
Caenurgina crassiuscula
5 Ctenucha virginica Virginia Ctenucha
Ctenucha virginica
1 Lycia ursaria Stout spanworm
Lycia ursaria
1 Prochoerodes lineola Large maple spanworm
Prochoerodes lineola
2 Trichodezia albovittata White-striped black moth
Trichodezia albovittata
10 Asclepias syriaca Common milkweed
Asclepias syriaca
6 Lythrum salicaria Purple loosestrife
Lythrum salicaria
6 Aquilegia canadensis Canadian columbine
Aquilegia canadensis
9 Cypripedium acaule Pink lady's slipper
Cypripedium acaule
4 Cypripedium parviflorum Yellow lady's slipper
Cypripedium parviflorum
7 Pogonia ophioglossoides Rose pogonia (= Snakemouth orchid)
Pogonia ophioglossoides
3 Laetiporus sulphureus Chicken of the woods
Laetiporus sulphureus
8 Cerrena unicolor Mossy maze polypore
Cerrena unicolor
10 Pholiota squarrosoides Sharp-scaly Pholiota
Pholiota squarrosoides
2 Hygrocybe conica Witch's hat (= Blackening waxcap)
Hygrocybe conica
5 Chlorociboria aeruginascens Green elfcup
Chlorociboria aeruginascens
7 Dacrymyces chrysospermus
Dacrymyces chrysospermus